Workplace Fire Safety

Introduction

Workplace Fire SafetyAccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Charts, 1992-2007 [372 KB, 17 pages], fires and explosions accounted for 3% of workplace fatalities in 2007. This page provides valuable reference materials for prevention of fire-related injuries in all workplaces.

Fire safety is addressed in specific standards for recordkeeping, the general industry, shipyard employment, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification, and the construction industry.

Standards

This section highlights OSHA standards, the Regulatory Agenda (a list of actions being taken with regard to OSHA standards), directives (instructions for compliance officers), and national consensus standards related to fire safety.

Note: Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.

  • 1904, Recording and reporting occupational injuries and illness
  • 1904.2, Log and summary of occupational injuries and illnesses
  • 1904.7, General recording criteria [related topic page]

 

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

 

Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)

Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917)

Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)

Gear Certification (29 CFR 1919
)

For additional information on OSHA standards for Shipyard Employment, Marine Terminals, and Longshoring, see the OSHA Assistance for the Maritime Industry Page.

Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)


For information on OSHA standards relating to electrical safety, see OSHA's Electrical Safety and Health Topics Page.

Directives

 

National Consensus

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

 

International Code Council (ICC)

  • About ICC: Introduction to the ICC. Includes information about the ICC which initiated a request for recognition of its codes by OSHA in May of 2004, with submission of a document in November of 2005 that details a section by section comparison and analysis of the IBC with OSHA’s rules in Subpart E. After review of that document OSHA made a preliminary finding, as noted in an ANPRM, recognizing the IBC and IFC as compliant with the OSHA requirements.
  • Code Development. Includes information about the code development cycle, the National Institute of Standard's (NIST) World Trade Center Recommendations, disaster response, comparison of the International Building Code (IBC) with NFPA 5000, the Building Construction and Safety Code, as well as ICC policies and procedures.

 

National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA)

  • Codes and Standards. Develops, publishes, and disseminates more than 300 consensus codes and standards intended to minimize the possibility and effects of fire and other risks. Virtually every building, process, service, design, and installation in society today is affected by NFPA documents.
  • 1, Uniform Fire Code
  • 101, Life Safety Code
  • 241, Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations
  • 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code

 

Fire safety becomes everyone's job at a worksite. Employers should train workers about fire hazards in the workplace and about what to do in a fire emergency. This plan should outline the assignments of key personnel in the event of a fire and provide an evacuation plan for workers on the site. In the construction industry, a "fire plan" should be set up prior to beginning any demolition job. The following references aid in recognizing and evaluating hazards and possible solutions in the workplace.

 

General

 

Construction

  • OSHA Technical Manual (OTM). OSHA Directive TED 01-00-015 [TED 1-0.15A], (1999, January 20). Includes information on fire safety:
  • Preparatory Operations. Contains a section on fire protection and prevention for construction/demolition activities.
  • Fire and Explosions. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health (eLCOSH). Provides a list of construction-related fire safety resources.
  • For additional information on hazards and possible solutions, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:
  • Demolition
  • Construction Industry

 

Additional Information
Training

 

Other Resources

  • Working Outdoors in Warm Climates [26 KB PDF* 2 pages]. OSHA Fact Sheet, (2005, September).
  • National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS). United States Fire Administration (USFA), (2008, June 5). Includes links to reports, software for reporting fires, fire statistics and training materials.
  • Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL). National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST). Studies building materials; computer-integrated construction practices; fire science and fire safety engineering; and structural, mechanical, and environmental engineering. Products of the laboratory's research include measurements and test methods, performance criteria, and technical data that supports innovations by industry and are incorporated into building and fire standards and codes.
  • Fire on the Web. Provides links to fire related software, experimental fire data and mpeg/quick time movies of fire tests that can be downloaded and/or viewed with a web browser.
Source: “Fire Safety,” U.S. Department of Labor: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/firesafety/index.html